Discrimination based on “religion or belief”

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Written By AndrewPerry

Founded in 2015 by a group of passionate legal professionals and enthusiasts, FlowingLaw started as a small blog. Today, it's a thriving community where ideas, expertise, and legal advice flow freely.





The Equality Act 2010 states that you can’t be discriminated against based on your religion or belief.

It is illegal to discriminate against someone who is not in compliance with the Equality Act. You may be able do something if you have been religion or belief discriminated against.

This page will explain what religion or belief mean to you.

What does religion or belief mean?

You must determine if you are eligible to file a discrimination case under the Equality Act 2010.

According to the Equality Act, discrimination is only illegal if it’s based on certain reasons. These are known as protected characteristics. The Equality Act protects religious beliefs and other protected characteristics. These protections are available to people of all faiths and beliefs. It can be religious or non-religious beliefs.

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What does religion or belief mean?

If you are a member of an organized papers religion, such as the Catholic Church, you can be discriminated against.

  • Islam
  • Christianitya
  • Judaism
  • Sikhism
  • Buddhism
  • Hinduism.

religion or belief can also refer to smaller religions, such as Scientology, Rastafarianism or Paganism.

A religious denomination or sect can cause discrimination.

  • Theology: Protestants, Methodists and Jehovah’s Witnesses
  • Sunnis and Shi’as in Islam
  • Orthodox or Reform Judaism

The courts will decide if something is a religious belief if necessary. To determine if something is a alienation and religions, they will examine whether it has a clear structure or belief system.

Religious beliefs

The Equality Act protects against discrimination based on your religious beliefs.

A belief in religious belief is a belief that a civil partnership religion’s central articles are true. For example, Christianity holds that Jesus is the Son and God. It can also refer to beliefs that exist within a religion or belief but are not shared equally by all members.

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These are some examples of religious beliefs.

  • Some Christians believe that a cross should be worn as a symbol for your faith.
  • Islam holds that women should cover their head or entire body.
  • The belief in creationism and intelligent design.
  • What if you don’t believe in any religion?
  • The Equality Act protects you against discrimination if your religion is not listed.

What does philosophical belief mean?

A philosophical belief can be described as a non-religious belief that includes humanism, secularism, and atheism.

If you believe strongly in a particular aspect of human life or behaviour, it can be considered a philosophical belief. According to the courts, belief in man-made climate changes and spiritualism can be considered philosophical beliefs. A political belief is not a philosophy belief in business.

This belief must be accepted in a democratic society, and not in conflict with other fundamental rights.

Discrimination based on another’s religion/belief

It is illegal to discriminate against someone because of their religion or belief. This could include a parent, child or partner, as well as a friend.

Discrimination based on who you think you are

Discriminating against someone because they think you belong to a religion or belief something is illegal.

  • Additional useful information
  • Equality Advisory Support Service, (EASS).
  • The EASS Discrimination Helpline can help you if you’ve been discriminated against.

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